What you eat could affect your intestinal health significantly. For the untrained, the gut refers to a community of microbes that reside in our system. Good bacteria could do wonders for your digestion, immunity, and more. According to a latest study, nutrition and diet have a great impact on the microbial composition in the intestine. This in turn affects a variety of metabolic, hormonal and neurological processes. The article was published in Nutrition reviews.
The review by scientists from George Washington University (GW) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) emphasized the link between diet and the gut microbiome. Scientists have long studied the gut microbiome to identify new strategies for diagnosing and treating disease.
The prevalence of diseases that may involve disruption of the gut microbiome is increasing day by day, and there is currently little evidence on what defines a healthy gut microbiome.
The researchers evaluated the current understanding of the interactions between nutrition and the gut microbiome in healthy adults.
“As we learn more about the gut microbiome and nutrition, we learn how influential each other and, perhaps more important to public health, the role they both play in preventing and treating disease,” said Leigh A. Frame, PhD, MHS, director of the Integrative Medicine Programs program at the GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences.
The two-way relationship between nutrition and the gut microbiome is something that should not be ignored. A great deal of research is being done on how the microbiota uses and produces macro and micronutrients. The review focused on the benefits of dietary fiber, which serves as fuel for the gut microbiota, and also found that, conversely, the protein promotes metabolism of microbial protein and potentially harmful by-products that can settle in the gut , increasing the risk of negative results. in health.
“This review reveals that measurement tools currently in our arsenal are ineffective at identifying microbial and molecular signatures that can serve as robust indicators of health and disease,” said Scott Jackson, assistant assistant professor of clinical research and leadership at SMHS and leader from the group of complex microbial systems at NIST.
The authors emphasized the need for future research on individual responses to diet and how the gut microbiome responds to dietary interventions, as well as underscored the role of the microbiome on mere composition.
The authors suggested that future research should consider individual responses to diet and how the gut microbiome responds to dietary interventions, as well as emphasize the function of the microbiome rather than simply composition.
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