Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) emphasized performing Namaz collectively in Jamaat, but do you know the method of performing Namaz in the congregation at home with your family members?
One of the basic requirements of Jamaat is that prayer must be led by a man because women can only lead prayers for women and not for men. So if there are men present at home, be it a mature husband, brother, uncle or son, he should lead the prayer.
Then other male people should stand in the row behind him, and then the women of the house should stand in the last rows because this is what the Prophet (PBUH) recommended.
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: “The best ranks for men are those in the front and the worst are in the back, and the best rows for women are those in the back and the worst are those in the front.” (Muslim 440)
There are also narratives that explain how the Prophet (PBUH) led the prayer in the home where men and women were present. Anas ibn Maalik said that he prayed behind the Messenger (PBUH) and that with him was his grandmother and an orphan. He said: The orphan and I stood in line behind him, and the old woman stood behind us. (Muslim 658)
Scholars also banned the position of the man and the woman together if they are the only ones who pray together, and said that the woman should line up behind the man.
Praying Jummah at home:
People can also pray Jummah at home if there is a situation where they cannot leave their home, even in extreme weather conditions, war or during a lockdown such as the coronavirus epidemic.
There are differences of opinion on how many people should be present for the validity of Jummah. Most Hanafi jurists believe that if there are 4 healthy adult men, then Jummah can be retained, which means that 1 imam and 3 followers are sufficient for Jummah’s prayers at home.
Main prayers of women:
The prohibition against women leading prayers is valid only if the congregation is made up of men or is Jummah; otherwise, women are allowed to lead the prayer for a women’s gathering.
According to scholars, it is mustahab (recommended or praised) that women pray together. So if there are women in a meeting or in a house, then it is preferable that they pray together in the congregation while one guides them.
March 24, 2020